Colonel Ross Hartshorne organized the 190th Bucktails in the field after the Battle of Bethesda Church on May 31, 1864.
The 190th Bucktails used Spencer repeating rifles that held seven .52 caliber rimfire cartridges in a magazine that ran up through the stock.
When Colonel James Carle took over temporary command of the 190th Bucktails, he got drunk and led them into an open field in full view of Rebel artillery that fired on them.
The Bucktails left the field without orders to escape the artillery, and Colonel Carle had a mutiny on his hands when he tried to order the Bucktails back into rank.
Adjutant Ernest Wright was blown from the saddle by a musket ball that glanced off his skull during an attack of Squirrel Level Road. When he wobbled to his feet, he exclaimed, "Py damn, I votes for L
After winning the Battle of Five Forks, the 190th chase General Lee's retreating army for 8 straight days to Appomattox Court House.
After Colonel Hartshorne was captured at the Weldon Railroad, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Pattee took over command of the regiment. He led the 190th to ultimate victory at Appomattox.